Authored by Olivia Maris

World Wide Fund for Nature

The panda population in China is considered an endangered species because of the threats of its habitat loss and poaching. The People’s Republic of China has made it a goal to continue the protection of its panda population. It has been able to achieve this through the provision of areas protected in the habitat of the panda. The protection continues to be achieved through the Chinese partnership with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the legislation of laws. This paper shared by aims at indicating and analyzing the actions the Chinese government has taken to prevent the extinction of pandas.

First of all, in the attainment of the objective of protecting its panda populace, the Chinese government has been able to ensure the creation of new reserves. There has been a great shift in the balance since the 1998 banning of logging activities in China. Logging ban has sought to reduce deforestation while boosting the restoration of the forests. It has been considered a great move by the Chinese administration since a majority of the habitat of the panda has existed outside the reserve scheme. The outside placement of the panda habitats has made it difficult for its protection from the threats of poaching, traditional Chinese medicine harvesting, and logging. Through the creation of new reserves, the Chinese administration has been able to curb most of the imminent threats to the survival of the panda.

Furthermore, China has also established means that connect the isolated panda bamboo habitats in order to link pandas living in secluded parts of the wilds. There has been the identification of areas to be converted into passageways of bamboo for pandas to access more food and new mates for breeding. The Chinese administration has been able to achieve this through its partnership with the WWF. This partnership has generated 10 panda passages in Minshan and Qinling.

The protection of the panda in China may also be done through the initiation and encouragement of projects for community development in those villages found within the panda habitats. Such projects include the provision of training and education of the local people and administration officials on environmental matters and how best they can help in conservation practices. Moreover, there should be the provision of alternative sources of energy to the local population such as wood-saving stoves and biogas. Such solution would greatly reduce the threat of logging. The provision of means to the engagement in alternative livelihoods for the local persons should also be ensured. These should entail actions that increase their earnings while reducing the environmental effect on the panda habitation. Through such environmentally supporting practices, actions such as logging and poaching are bound to reduce. In this way, a mutual success for both the pandas of China and the local population arises.

For the purpose of protecting giant pandas and other wildlife under its law, the government of China incorporated protecting of rare animals and plants in its Constitution. Therefore, such protection laws as Forest Law, the Environmental Protection Law, and the Law on Protection of Wildlife were made and passed. An amendment to the criminal law was passed in 1987 by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. This amendment stated that those who smuggle giant pandas have to be punished with a minimum of ten years imprisonment. The punishment would also entail confiscating of the property and, under extreme circumstances, life or death sentence. These legislative actions have been effective so far in ensuring the protection of giant pandas and other wild animals from being harmed by humans.

Additionally, legislators in the Shaanxi Province of Northwest China made a law aimed at improving the protection of the Qinling Mountains. This place is a habitation of threatened giant pandas. The law was purposed to preserve biodiversity and improve co-existence between the nature and people. It needs any future projects to be done in Qinling Mountains to be evaluated for probable impact on the environment.

The Chinese government tries to protect its population of pandas and its habitats through various means. The perpetual survival of the panda in China is capable of achievement only through the effective addressing of the local people’s needs, and the promotion of practices that are sustainable. It may be implemented through the government’s initiative and the creation of laws on panda protection. With these laws, there is an imposition of sanctions for any noncompliance.

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